Wednesday, 28 September 2016

Global Integrity 18

Creation Integrity
Moral Wholeness for a Whole World


Integrity is moral wholeness—living consistently in moral wholeness. Its opposite is corruption, the distortion, perversion, and deterioration of moral goodness, resulting in the exploitation of people. Global integrity is moral wholeness at all levels in our world—from the individual to the institutional to the international. Global integrity is requisite for “building the future we want—being the people we need.” It is not easy, it is not always black and white, and it can be risky. These entries explore the many facets of integrity with a view towards the global efforts to promote sustainable development and wellbeing.
*****

‘Creation Integrity” refers to the wholeness and health of the world—nature--of which humans of course are part. It requires humans having integrity at all levels (global integrity) in order to preserve the integrity of the earth. Here are seven items/quotes over the past 25 years that deal with this important topic: our integrity for creation integrity. Some also represent movements that have merged and morphed into other earth-ecological emphases. Note: See also World Day of Creation  on 1 September--short video message from Desmond Tutu

World Council of Churches (written in early 1990s, quote from website)
“Over the years, an emerging conviction that justice, peace and creation are bound together has found expression in such World Council of Churches' study and action programmes as the Just, Participatory and Sustainable Society (JPSS), the conciliar process for Justice, Peace and the Integrity of Creation (JPIC) and…the Theology of Life (TOL) programme. The quest, in the 1970s, for a "just, participatory and sustainable society" was a response to growing recognition of the persistence of poverty and misery and of the limits of and threats to the earth's capacity to sustain human life. Between its sixth (1983) and seventh (1991) assemblies, the WCC appealed to the churches to make public commitments and undertake common action on the threats to life in the areas of justice, peace and integrity of creation as part of the essence of what it means to be the church. Since 1991, this effort has centred on articulating a "theology of life".  In a series of 22 case studies, local groups from around the world have examined one of ten affirmations made by a 1990 world convocation on JPIC, and have sought to understand both what it implied in their own context and how these local elements fit into a global analysis. These programmes, each of which built on the insights of its predecessor, sought to encourage the churches to make costly commitments to justice, peace and creation. They also sought to identify and make the connections visible, and to encourage churches to keep them in mind when addressing justice, peace and creation issues.”

World Council of Churches (current, quote from the website)
“The WCC has a long tradition of addressing the links between Justice, Peace and Integrity of Creation. Today, this approach is applied and updated in regard to some of the most urgent global challenges. The WCC work on eco-justice is implemented through the Ecumenical Water Network, the Climate Justice project and the Poverty, Wealth and Ecology project.

Eco-justice – what is that? The “eco” prefix comes from the Greek word oikos for “house” and is part of the etymological roots of economy and ecology, but also ecumenism. In linking environmental and social justice issues the environmental justice approach, “eco-justice” in short, challenges both humanity’s destruction of the earth and the abuse of economic and political power which result in poor people having to suffer the effects of environmental damage.”

Pope Francis (2016)
“13. The urgent challenge to protect our common home includes a concern to bring the whole human family together to seek a sustainable and integral development, for we know that things can change. The Creator does not abandon us; he never forsakes his loving plan or repents of having created us. Humanity still has the ability to work together in building our common home. Here I want to recognize, encourage and thank all those striving in countless ways to guarantee the protection of the home which we share. Particular appreciation is owed to those who tirelessly seek to resolve the tragic effects of environmental degradation on the lives of the world’s poorest. Young people demand change. They wonder how anyone can claim to be building a better future without thinking of the environmental crisis and the sufferings of the excluded.

14. I urgently appeal, then, for a new dialogue about how we are shaping the future of our planet. We need a conversation which includes everyone, since the environmental challenge we are undergoing, and its human roots, concern and affect us all. The worldwide ecological movement has already made considerable progress and led to the establishment of numerous organizations committed to raising awareness of these challenges. Regrettably, many efforts to seek concrete solutions to the environmental crisis have proved ineffective, not only because of powerful opposition but also because of a more general lack of interest. Obstructionist attitudes, even on the part of believers, can range from denial of the problem to indifference, nonchalant resignation or blind confidence in technical solutions. We require a new and universal solidarity. As the bishops of Southern Africa have stated: “Everyone’s talents and involvement are needed to redress the damage caused by human abuse of God’s creation”. All of us can cooperate as instruments of God for the care of creation, each according to his or her own culture, experience, involvements and talents.”

Earth Charter Initiative (2000, current)
 “The Earth Charter Initiative is a global movement of organizations and individuals that embrace
the Earth Charter and use it to guide the transition towards a more just, sustainable, and peaceful world.” (quote from website)

“We stand at a critical moment in Earth's history, a time when humanity must choose its future. As the world becomes increasingly interdependent and fragile, the future at once holds great peril and great promise. To move forward we must recognize that in the midst of a magnificent diversity of cultures and life forms we are one human family and one Earth community with a common destiny. We must join together to bring forth a sustainable global society founded on respect for nature, universal human rights, economic justice, and a culture of peace. Towards this end, it is imperative that we, the peoples of Earth, declare our responsibility to one another, to the greater community of life, and to future generations. Earth, Our Home Humanity is part of a vast evolving universe. Earth, our home, is alive with a unique community of life. The forces of nature make existence a demanding and uncertain adventure, but Earth has provided the conditions essential to life's evolution. The resilience of the community of life and the well-being of humanity depend upon preserving a healthy biosphere with all its ecological systems, a rich variety of plants and animals, fertile soils, pure waters, and clean air. The global environment with its finite resources is a common concern of all peoples. The protection of Earth's vitality, diversity, and beauty is a sacred trust. (excerpt from Preamble)

Ecological Integrity [4 of the 16 Principles in the Charter]
--5. Protect and restore the integrity of Earth's ecological systems, with special concern for biological diversity and the natural processes that sustain life.
--6. Prevent harm as the best method of environmental protection and, when knowledge is limited, apply a precautionary approach.
--7. Adopt patterns of production, consumption and reproduction that safeguard Earth's regenerative capacities, human rights and community well-being.
--8. Advance the study of ecological sustainability and promote the open exchange and wide application of the knowledge acquired.”

Earth Day Network (quote from website)
“Earth Day Network’s mission is to broaden and diversify the environmental movement worldwide and to mobilize it as the most effective vehicle to build a healthy, sustainable environment, address climate change, and protect the Earth for future generations. Growing out of the first Earth Day, Earth Day Network is the world’s largest recruiter to the environmental movement, working with more than 50,000 partners in 196 countries to build environmental democracy. We work through a combination of education, public policy, and consumer campaigns.

The first Earth Day on April 22, 1970, activated 20 million Americans from all walks of life and is widely credited with launching the modern environmental movement. The passage of the landmark Clean Air ActClean Water ActEndangered Species Act and many other groundbreaking environmental laws soon followed. Twenty years later, Earth Day went global, mobilizing 200 million people in 141 countries and lifting environmental issues onto the world stage. More than 1 billion people now participate in Earth Day activities each year, making it the largest civic observance in the world.”

United Nations (2015) (excerpt below from text of the agreement)
“The Parties to this Agreement,
--Being Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, hereinafter referred to as "the Convention"
--…being guided by its principles, including the principle of equity and common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities, in the light of different national circumstances….
--Emphasizing the intrinsic relationship that climate change actions, responses and impacts have with equitable access to sustainable development and eradication of poverty,
--Recognizing the fundamental priority of safeguarding food security and ending hunger, and the particular vulnerabilities of food production systems to the adverse impacts of climate change,
--Taking into account the imperatives of a just transition of the workforce and the creation of decent work and quality jobs in accordance with nationally defined development priorities,
--Acknowledging that climate change is a common concern of humankind, Parties should, when taking action to address climate change, respect, promote and consider their respective obligations on human rights, the right to health, the rights of indigenous peoples, local communities, migrants, children, persons with disabilities and people in vulnerable situations and the right to development, as well as gender equality, empowerment of women and intergenerational equity,
--Recognizing the importance of the conservation and enhancement, as appropriate, of sinks and reservoirs of the greenhouse gases referred to in the Convention,
--Noting the importance of ensuring the integrity of all ecosystems, including oceans, and the protection of biodiversity, recognized by some cultures as Mother Earth, and noting the importance for some of the concept of "climate justice", when taking action to address climate change,
--Affirming the importance of education, training, public awareness, public participation, public access to information and cooperation at all levels on the matters addressed in this Agreement,
--Recognizing the importance of the engagements of all levels of government and various actors, in accordance with respective national legislations of Parties, in addressing climate change,
--Also recognizing that sustainable lifestyles and sustainable patterns of consumption and production, with developed country Parties taking the lead, play an important role in addressing climate change,

Have agreed as follows:” [29 Articles, 27 pages]

United Nations (2015)
“This Agenda is a plan of action for people, planet and prosperity. It also seeks to strengthen universal peace in larger freedom. We recognise that eradicating poverty in all its forms and dimensions, including extreme poverty, is the greatest global challenge and an indispensable requirement for sustainable development. All countries and all stakeholders, acting in collaborative partnership, will implement this plan. We are resolved to free the human race from the tyranny of poverty and want and to heal and secure our planet. We are determined to take the bold and transformative steps which are urgently needed to shift the world onto a sustainable and resilient path. As we embark on this collective journey, we pledge that no one will be left behind. The 17 Sustainable Development Goals and 169 targets which we are announcing today demonstrate the scale and ambition of this new universal Agenda….

--Goal 6. Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all
--Goal 13. Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts.
--Goal 14. Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development
--Goal 15. Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss."
----------------
Applications
--Which of the above items would you like to study further?

Monday, 12 September 2016

Global Integrity 17

Executive Integrity
Moral Wholeness for a Whole World


Integrity is moral wholeness—living consistently in moral wholeness. Its opposite is corruption, the distortion, perversion, and deterioration of moral goodness, resulting in the exploitation of people. Global integrity is moral wholeness at all levels in our world—from the individual to the institutional to the international. Global integrity is requisite for “building the future we want—being the people we need.” It is not easy, it is not always black and white, and it can be risky. These entries explore the many facets of integrity with a view towards the global efforts to promote sustainable development and wellbeing.

Managing Executive Health is a co-authored book that takes a positive approach to the health of managers, executives, and business leaders. It emphasizes “physical vigor, psychological well-being, spiritual vitality, and ethical integrity. Here are some excerpts from chapter 10, Ethical Character. It is refreshing to see such a clear emphasis placed on leaders who can develop and act with integrity!

It is not enough [for leaders] to be physically, psychologically, and spiritually sound.  To complete the package, one must examine one’s character in order to ensure the optimal use of life. The final piece of the four-dimensional model, our character, can be developed and improved, just as our physical or psychological health can. (p. 177)

For our purposes, we define ethical character as personal integrity. Integrity is defined as “the state of being unimpaired; soundness or the quality or condition bring whole or undivided; completeness.” The individual is undivided in his or her fundamental beliefs and attitudes, presenting those values to everyone. (p. 178)

…someone with personal integrity is often required to take action against an issue that seems unjust or inequitable…The person cannot simply refuse to participate in the behaviors. A person with true integrity  must stand up for what he or she believes. (p. 178)

[Quoting others about personal character:] Who are you when no one is watching?…What is the right thing to do in this situation?’…What sort of person must I become to be able to do the right thing? (p. 183)

While character and personal integrity are important for everyone to possess, it is especially important for those individuals who affect the lives of others: the men and women who manage our organizations and become role models for people who work for them With people off true integrity running the major corporations, the world can only become a better place in which to live. (p. 192)

Managing Executive Health: Personal and Corporate Strategies for Sustained Success (2008), James Quick, Cary Cooper, Joanne Gavin, and Jonathan Quick

Applications
--List one help and one hindrance for developing greater integrity is executives and leaders.

--What do you think of the authors’ definition of integrity?

Friday, 26 August 2016

Global Integrity 16

Integrity Training
Moral Wholeness for a Whole World

Integrity = Accountability + Competence + Ethics - corruption
(Integrity Action's formula for integrity)


Integrity is moral wholeness—living consistently in moral wholeness. Its opposite is corruption, the distortion, perversion, and deterioration of moral goodness, resulting in the exploitation of people. Global integrity is moral wholeness at all levels in our world—from the individual to the institutional to the international. Global integrity is requisite for “building the future we want—being the people we need.” It is not easy, it is not always black and white, and it can be risky. These entries explore the many facets of integrity with a view towards the global efforts to promote sustainable development and wellbeing.
*****

How do we train people for integrity? Integrity Action is an example of a civil society organization that is actively providing training in integrity. Their mission is to “empower citizens to act with and demand integrity.” “Integrity Action is an organisation and an active network of committed NGOs, universities and policy makers, working closely with governments, media organisations, businesses and our peers to identify ways of making integrity work in some of the worlds challenging settings.” (quotes from the website: http://integrityaction.org/)

Resources
--Closing the Loop: Empowering and Mobilising Communities (video, 6.5 minutes)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YleZveI-XoA

--Integrity Textbook (2015)
Integrity Action has taught integrity for over ten years in different contexts and with various audiences such as high-level government officials, academics as well as school students. Over the last few years, we have been asked many times to document our pioneering approach to making integrity work and produce a sourcebook that academics and students can refer to when teaching or studying integrity. The result is, in my opinion, an excellent textbook which we hope will equip you to live and work with integrity in all aspects of your life.” (page 2)

-- Integrity Clubs Manual (2016)
“This manual outline is the result of a joint effort of Community-based Organisations, educational experts and representatives of institutional agencies from DRC, Kenya, Nepal and Palestine, who met at a workshop hosted by Integrity Action in Jordan, from 22 to 25 February 2016. The outline in particular - and the workshop in general—was requested by some of Integrity Action’s partners who wished to establish Integrity Clubs in their communities. Integrity Action noticed that although examples of Integrity Clubs can be found in a number of countries, and guidelines are widely available, none of the current examples reflects what Integrity Action and its partners want to achieve: establishing student led clubs where members can learn - as well as practically apply - the concept of Integrity. This manual outline aims at developing Young Integrity Builders, by equipping them with skills and knowledge needed to be able to monitor projects and services in their communities using Integrity Action’s Community Integrity Building (CIB) approach.” (page 3)

Applications
--Interact with this quote below from the Integrity Textbook, regarding its underlying mission to build integrity as the means to and reduce corruption. (page 2).

“This is the underlying mission of Integrity Action–emphasizing the overarching role of building integrity as a means of reducing corruption. Integrity Action incorporates the original ideas of ethics, and joins this to accountability and competence as the fundamental way of combating corruption.

Integrity Action wants to re-balance the understanding of corruption - to build institutions and ways of working that proactively prioritise integrity as a bulwark against corruption, rather than spend time solely trying to act against instances of corruption. Integrity Action believes that there is a need to have and build strong and resilient societies that can resist the attractions of corruption, and can suggest and live with a better alternative - integrity.


This book starts with the personal perspective and builds on this foundation of personal integrity to how it can be applied to management in government, business or civil society. From this view of professional integrity, the book then moves onto building integrity within communities and society more generally.”

Monday, 8 August 2016

Global Integrity—15

Integrity Needs External Referents
Moral wholeness for a whole world



"Please don't go, please don't leave me alone.
A mirror is so much harder to hold."
Jon Foreman (click here for song and lyrics)

Integrity is moral wholeness—living consistently in moral wholeness. Its opposite is corruption, the distortion, perversion, and deterioration of moral goodness, resulting in the exploitation of people. Global integrity is moral wholeness at all levels in our world—from the individual to the institutional to the international. Global integrity is requisite for “building the future we want—being the people we need.” It is not easy, it is not always black and white, and it can be risky. These entries explore the many facets of integrity with a view towards the global efforts to promote sustainable development and wellbeing.
*****

Integrity needs external referents. Why? Because of the human propensity to self-justify and self-deceive. Integrity cannot just be based on only an inner sense of congruence—the sense of having aligned one’s values with one’s actions. Why? Because one’s values may not be entirely moral, and one’s perception of inner congruence may not be entirely accurate. So, trust yourself but do not completely trust yourself. We need external moral and accountability referents to hold up the mirror, to help us appraise our levels of integrity. See also the entry from 25 February 2016, Facing Ourselves.

We define integrity as living consistently in moral wholeness (an ideal). Practically, though,  it involves endeavoring to live consistently in moral wholeness (the day in and day out reality). Here are three additional areas to further strengthen living consistently in integrity.

Self-awareness
--I am aware that I am not always aware how I distort and bias my moral self-appraisals
--I do my best to admit mistakes and wrongdoing

External Morals
--I can clearly clarify the main external referents that guide my moral values and ethical principles
--I am committed to internalize and follow these moral values and ethical principles

External Accountability
--I entrust myself to specific people and processes for scrutiny and accountability
--I use resources to help me grow in integrity

Applications
--Which of the three areas above are you strongest in or weakest?
--How would you adjust or add to the items above? 

Thursday, 28 July 2016

Global Integrity14

Positive Psychology and Integrity
Moral wholeness for a whole world

Integrity is moral wholeness—living consistently in moral wholeness. Its opposite is corruption, the distortion, perversion, and deterioration of moral goodness, resulting in the exploitation of people. Global integrity is moral wholeness at all levels in our world—from the individual to the institutional to the international. Global integrity is requisite for “building the future we want—being the people we need.” It is not easy, it is not always black and white, and it can be risky. These entries explore the many facets of integrity with a view towards the global efforts to promote sustainable development and wellbeing.
*****

Positive Psychology is a relatively new field of psychology that has been rapidly growing over the past two decades. It focuses on the positive aspects of human personality (e.g., character strengths, virtue, and the heroic), personal fulfillment, and overall wellbeing. More recently it has been extending beyond the individual focus to also include social and community wellbeing. 

One of the most popular websites related to positive psychology is Authentic Happiness. This website includes a number of questionnaires which one can take online for free, after a short registration. One of the most popular questionnaires in the VIA Survey of Character Strengths. This survey looks at 24 character strengths (organized In terms of six broad virtues: wisdom, courage, humanity, justice, temperance and transcendence).

Where is integrity in the VIA Survey? The character strength of honesty is the closest equivalent to integrity. “Honesty [authenticity, integrity]: Speaking the truth but more broadly presenting oneself in a genuine way and acting in a sincere way; being without pretense; taking responsibility for one’s feelings and actions.” (https://www.viacharacter.org/www/Portals/0/Classification%202014.pdf).

Integrity as we define it though in these weblog entries, is considerably different. It is not simply “presenting oneself in a genuine way and acting in a sincere way” but rather endeavoring to live your life in a consistently moral way. Integrity in our view is a core, unifying characteristic of healthy (positive) human personality, functioning, and wellbeing. It is not a third level descriptor (i.e. 1. Virtues, 2. Character Strengths, 3. Descriptors). Arguably though, some aspects of integrity are embedded implicitly in other Character Strengths, such as Bravery and Perseverance.

Applications
--Go on the Authentic Happiness website and take the Character Strengths survey. What are your strengths? How do you rate in the strength of honesty?
----How might integrity be embedded implicitly in other aspect of the 24 Character Strengths?
(see descriptions HERE)
--See also: Entwistle, D. N., & Moroney, Stephen K. (2011). Integrative perspectives on human flourishing: The imago Dei and positive psychology. Journal of Psychology and Theology, 39(4), 295-303. (article overview HERE)

Tuesday, 12 July 2016

Global Integrity--13

Integrity in Professional Psychology
Moral wholeness for a whole world


 Integrity is moral wholeness—living consistently in moral wholeness. Its opposite is corruption, the distortion, perversion, and deterioration of moral goodness, resulting in the exploitation of people. Global integrity is moral wholeness at all levels in our world—from the individual to the institutional to the international. Global integrity is requisite for “building the future we want—being the people we need.” It is not easy, it is not always black and white, and it can be risky. These entries explore the many facets of integrity with a view towards the global efforts to promote sustainable development and wellbeing.
*****
What does integrity look like in professional psychology? Here are three examples below. Integrity is a core value which influences the formation and practice of specific ethical principles. Perhap the "I" shape in the Greek psi letter above (psi is the universal symbol for psychology) can stand for the central place of "integrity" in professional psychology.

1. California Board of Psychology
"The mission of the Board of Psychology (Board) is to advance quality psychological services for Californians by ensuring ethical and legal practice and supporting the evolution of the profession. Our values are transparency, integrity, consumer protection, inclusiveness, excellence, and accountability." (California Board of Psychology, Spring Journal, 2016, p. 1)

2. American Psychological Association
“This section consists of General Principles. General Principles, as opposed to Ethical Standards, are aspirational in nature. Their intent is to guide and inspire psychologists toward the very highest ethical ideals of the profession….Integrity. Psychologists seek to promote accuracy, honesty and truthfulness in the science, teaching and practice of psychology. In these activities psychologists do not steal, cheat or engage in fraud, subterfuge or intentional misrepresentation of fact. Psychologists strive to keep their promises and to avoid unwise or unclear commitments. In situations in which deception may be ethically justifiable to maximize benefits and minimize harm, psychologists have a serious obligation to consider the need for, the possible consequences of, and their responsibility to correct any resulting mistrust or other harmful effects that arise from the use of such techniques.” (American Psychological Association, General Principles, Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct, 2002/2010)

“…The Universal Declaration of Ethical Principles for Psychologists speaks to the common moral framework that guides and inspires psychologists worldwide toward the highest ethical ideals in their professional and scientific work…Psychologists are committed to placing the welfare of society and its members above the self-interest of the discipline and its members. They recognize that adherence to ethical principles in the context of their work contributes to a stable society that enhances the quality of life for all human beings….The Universal Declaration describes those ethical principles that are based on shared human values. It reaffirms the commitment of the psychology community to help build a better world where peace, freedom, responsibility, justice, humanity, and morality  prevail….The Universal Declaration articulates principles and related values that are general and aspirational rather than specific and prescriptive. Application of the principles and values to the development of specific standards of conduct will vary across cultures, and must occur locally or regionally in order to ensure their relevance to local or regional cultures, customs, beliefs, and laws….” (Preamble).

Principle III Integrity. Integrity is vital to the advancement of scientific knowledge and to the maintenance of public confidence in the discipline of psychology. Integrity is based on honesty, and on truthful, open and accurate communications. It includes recognizing, monitoring, and managing potential biases, multiple relationships, and other conflicts of interest that could result in harm and exploitation of persons or peoples. Complete openness and disclosure of information must be balanced with other ethical considerations, including the need to protect the safety or confidentiality of persons and peoples, and the need to respect cultural expectations. Cultural differences exist regarding appropriate professional boundaries, multiple relationships, and conflicts of interest. However, regardless of such differences, monitoring and management are needed to ensure that self-interest does not interfere with acting in the best interests of persons and peoples…”

Applications
--Identify one aspect of integrity that all three excerpts above have in common.

--Why are “monitoring and management…needed to ensure that self-interest does not interfere with acting in the best interests of persons and peoples…” (Universal Declaration)

Monday, 27 June 2016

Global Integrity--12

Integrity for Global Citizenship
Moral wholeness for a whole world


Integrity is central to our identity and responsibility
as global citizens.

Integrity is moral wholeness—living consistently in moral wholeness. Its opposite is corruption, the distortion, perversion, and deterioration of moral goodness, resulting in the exploitation of people. Global integrity is moral wholeness at all levels in our world—from the individual to the institutional to the international. Global integrity is requisite for “building the future we want—being the people we need.” It is not easy, it is not always black and white, and it can be risky. These entries explore the many facets of integrity with a view towards the global efforts to promote sustainable development and wellbeing.
*****
Excerpt: 

United Nations Department of Public Information/NGO Conference
Gyeongju, Republic of Korea 30 May – 1 June 2016

“In addition to literacy and numeracy, education must advance the cause of global citizenship which: promotes integrated development of the whole person emotionally, ethically, intellectually, physically, socially, and spiritually; imbued with an understanding of our roles, rights and responsibilities for the common good in service to humanity and the advancement of a culture of peace, non-violence, freedom, justice, and equality…“empowers learners to assume active roles to face and resolve global challenges and to become proactive contributors to a more peaceful, tolerant, inclusive, and secure world”[UNESCO 2014, reference in Applications below]; nurtures a sense of solidarity and empathy in order to end poverty, protect the planet, ensure human rights, and foster prosperous and fulfilling lives for all….We commit to…An education that teaches conflict resolution, a deep appreciation for diversity, ethical reasoning, gender equality, human rights and responsibilities, interdependence, multilingual and multicultural competence, social justice, sustainable development, and values.”

Global citizenship refers to our common humanity—our shared sense of identity and belonging as humans. It also refers to our shared sense of responsibility and rights as humans. Fundamental to global citizenship education is “the integrated development of the whole person” including “ethical reasoning…social justice...and values"(as the above quote states). 

Integrity is a core part of one’s identity and involvements as global citizens. We believe that integrity is both a character quality and a way of living that must be more explicitly emphasized in education for global citizenship (including “ethics” and “values” is not enough although it is certainly on the right track). Integrity is central to our identity and responsibility as global citizens. Global citizens are people of integrity.

You can watch a three minute overview-wrap up of the UN DPI/NGO conference here:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=H5uppOnfdE0


Applications
--See also Global Citizenship Education: Preparing Learners for the Challenges of the 21st Century (UNESCO, 2014).

Monday, 13 June 2016

Global Integrity 11

Pro-Integrity
Moral wholeness for a whole world


We cannot talk about corruption without also talking about its antidote: integrity.

Integrity is moral wholeness—living consistently in moral wholeness. Its opposite is corruption, the distortion, perversion, and deterioration of moral goodness, resulting in the exploitation of people. Global integrity is moral wholeness at all levels in our world—from the individual to the institutional to the international. Global integrity is requisite for “building the future we want—being the people we need.” It is not easy, it is not always black and white, and it can be risky. These entries explore the many facets of integrity with a view towards the global efforts to promote sustainable development and wellbeing.
*****


“Corruption is at the heart of so many of the world’s problems. We must overcome it, if our efforts to end poverty, promote prosperity and defeat terrorism and extremism are to succeed. Today’s Summit has demonstrated the deep commitment of a significant number of countries, businesses and members of civil society to work together to tackle this scourge. To do this we will build on and implement existing international agreements – but also go much further, making this a top priority at home and abroad and building capacity to tackle the problem. We commit to expose corruption wherever it is found, to pursue and punish those who perpetrate, facilitate or are complicit in it, to support the communities who have suffered from it, and to ensure it does not fester in our government institutions, businesses and communities. We will fulfil our shared commitment to ‘substantially reduce corruption and bribery in all their forms’ [as stated in Sustainable Development Goal 16]."

Pro-integrity is a synonym for anti-corruption. It is also the antidote for corruption. It would be great if our anti-corruption efforts everywhere would include this term and prioritize it as a practice.

Corruption lies at the heart of every human (and not only at the heart of the world’s problems as per the quote above). This is a message that must be clearly acknowledged and shared. Without it, anti-corruption efforts miss the primary, predisposing, precipitating, and reinforcing causes of corruption. 

Likewise, the capacity for integrity resides in the heart of every human. This too must be emphasized. We cannot  talk about corruption without also talking about its antidote: integrity. To be anti-corruption is to be pro-integrity.

Watch the archive of the London Summit here:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Zsla0NoYXoM


Applications
--List a few ways to explicitly link pro-integrity with the anti-corruption discourse and efforts.
--How could this linkage be done in your settings and spheres of influence?


Tuesday, 24 May 2016

Global Integrity 10

Affirming Integrity...at all levels
Moral wholeness for a whole world
The integrity of the upright will guide them
but the falseness of the treacherous will destroy them.
Proverbs 11:3

Integrity is moral wholeness—living consistently in moral wholeness. Its opposite is corruption, the distortion, perversion, and deterioration of moral goodness, resulting in the exploitation of people. Global integrity is moral wholeness at all levels in our world—from the individual to the institutional to the international. Global integrity is requisite for “building the future we want—being the people we need.” It is not easy, it is not always black and white, and it can be risky. These entries explore the many facets of integrity with a view towards the global efforts to promote sustainable development and wellbeing.
*****

As shared in the previous entry, living in integrity is not being morally perfect. But it does involve: admitting mistakes and wrongdoing; acknowledging our propensity for…hypocrisy; trusting ourselves but not completely. And as this entry asserts, integrity involves finding ways to affirm our integrity: to build it and to safeguard it.

The excerpt below is from part two of a guest weblog I (Kelly) did recently for the CHS Alliance (24 February 2016; see the previous entry. The weblog entry was on Ten Psychological Tricks for Avoiding Accountability. Part two though was more positive in that it focused on ways for preserving and developing integrity. Click on the link in the previous sentence to access the entire entry including part two.

Affirming Integrity
"Here are five suggestions for developing the main tool that we have in our good practice arsenal: integrity…[Integrity is] the core quality and commitment that helps us align our stated values with our actual behaviours as we pursue consistent moral wholeness.

1. Yourself. Examine your accountability practices by reviewing this weblog entry. What are you aware of regarding your strengths and weaknesses? Can you give some specific examples?

2. Colleagues. Discuss this topic with colleagues. To what extent are and can colleagues be accountable with one another? Identify some personal, group, organisational and sectoral vulnerabilities...

3. Managers. Encourage management to consider how they express moral values in the workplace, especially reflecting on how one’s private morality can differ from one’s workplace morality. Crisis times...

4. Leaders. Model and mentor transparency and accountability as leaders. Admit mistakes. Welcome feedback from others.  Encourage colleagues to share “uncomfortable” information with you...

5. Ethos. Cultivate an organisational “culture of integrity”...Intentionally weave transparency and accountability into “how we do things:” our organisational thinking, strategies, polices, and procedures...

Applications
--Which of the five 'integrity affirmations' above would you like to explore more?
--Are there any specific applications for your life and/or work.? 


Saturday, 14 May 2016

Global Integrity 9

Hiding Hypocrisy
...at all levels

Moral wholeness for a whole world

Beware of the leaven of the Pharisees, which is hypocrisy.
Luke 12:1

Do you not know that a little leaven
leavens the whole lump of dough?

I Corinthians 5:6.

Integrity is moral wholeness—living consistently in moral wholeness. Its opposite is corruption, the distortion, perversion, and deterioration of moral goodness, resulting in the exploitation of people. Global integrity is moral wholeness at all levels in our world—from the individual to the institutional to the international. Global integrity is requisite for “building the future we want—being the people we need.” It is not easy, it is not always black and white, and it can be risky. These entries explore the many facets of integrity with a view towards the global efforts to promote sustainable development and wellbeing.

*****

Integrity does not mean perfection. It does mean though that if one makes a mistake or does something wrong, then he/she is willing to acknowledge it, and as necessary apologize and make amends. So integrity at all levels involves a commitment to act with moral wholeness, realizing that one will fall short of the moral mark. It also means understanding that we may try to rationalize away our responsibility for our mistakes or wrongdoings: hypocrisy. Hypocrisy can trump integrity. And I think we are all guilty of this at times. So...we must trust ourselves to act with integrity, but not trust ourselves completely.

The excerpt below is from a guest weblog I (Kelly) did recently for the CHS Alliance (24 February 2016). The title is Ten Psychological Tricks for Avoiding Accountability. It could also be titled: Ten Tricks for Feigning Integrity or Ten Tricks for Hiding Hypocrisy.


Hiding Hypocrisy
“Here are ten tactics used to avoid accountability for mistakes, poor practice, dysfunction, and outright deviance…These tactics illustrate what not to do when we and our organisations are asked to give an account of our work - be it via routine self-assessments or requests to explain our actions. They can serve to minimise cognitive dissonance, to protect ourselves, or to intentionally misrepresent the facts. Understanding how we can get it wrong can be a helpful way to avoid some of these proven “tactical tricks” for avoiding accountability.

1. Delegate the matter to someone else internally - diffuse it, distance yourself from it - and do everything to avoid an internal and especially an independent review.

2. Avoid, reword, or repackage, the issues - obfuscate the facts, or at least talk tentatively or vaguely about some mistakes in the past and that you or someone could probably have done a better job on … but go no further; rationalise and/or disguise any culpability.

3. Focus on minor or “other” things so as to look like you are focusing on the central things, punctuating it all with the language of transparency and accountability."

Applications
--Have a look at all 10 Tricks. Are there any that apply to you?
--What do you think of the assertion that we can ' trust ourselves but not completely'?





Friday, 29 April 2016

Global Integrity 8

Corruption Connections
Moral wholeness for a whole world


EXPOSED Campaign
Why can't Grace go to school?https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=autlpiy2kE8

Integrity is moral wholeness—living consistently in moral wholeness. Its opposite is corruption, the distortion, perversion, and deterioration of moral goodness, resulting in the exploitation of people. Global integrity is moral wholeness at all levels in our world—from the individual to the institutional to the international. Global integrity is requisite for “building the future we want—being the people we need.” It is not easy, it is not always black and white, and it can be risky. These entries explore the many facets of integrity with a view towards the global efforts to promote sustainable development and wellbeing.
*****

"The EXPOSED Campaign, a coalition of Christian groups and churches from over 150 nations seeking to shine a light on corruption, is now officially concluded! Over the past two years, EXPOSED campaigned on corruption issues in all aspects of public life. Over 250,000 people took part in actions across the world to expose unethical practice. We'd like to thank everyone who got involved and especially to the nearly 150,000 people who signed our Global Call against Corruption which was presented to the leaders of the world's major economies, the G20 at it's November 2014 meeting in Brisbane, which marked the conclusion of the EXPOSED campaign. And although the campaign itself may have ended, the work to 'shine a light' on corruption continues ... in the lives and witness of the many thousands across the world who caught the vision of EXPOSED!" (excerpt from Facebook, 23 December 2014)

Applications
--Summarize in one or two sentences why Grace can't go to school, as presented in the video.
--Are there any implications for your life and integrity? If so, list a few.
--How could you get more information about "corruption connections?"

Monday, 11 April 2016

Global Integrity 7


Anti-Integrity
Moral wholeness for a whole world

Transparency International

Integrity is moral wholeness—living consistently in moral wholeness. Its opposite is corruption, the distortion, perversion, and deterioration of moral goodness, resulting in the exploitation of people. Global integrity is moral wholeness at all levels in our world—from the individual to the institutional to the international. Global integrity is requisite for “building the future we want—being the people we need.” It is not easy, it is not always black and white, and it can be risky. These entries explore the many facets of integrity with a view towards the global efforts to promote sustainable development and wellbeing.
*****

Corruption is the opposite of integrity.
It is moral decay. It is anti-integrity.
It’s not just them out there.
It is us. It’s time to wake up.


Applications
--Is corruption an all or noting thing, or is it on a continuum?
--Do we gradually slide into corruption or fall into it abruptly?

--How do we know if we are sleeping, or maybe even just sleepy, morally?
--How do people wake up? 

Tuesday, 29 March 2016

Global Integrity 6

The Global Charter of Conscience
Moral wholeness for a whole world


Integrity is moral wholeness—living consistently in moral wholeness. Its opposite is corruption, the distortion, perversion, and deterioration of moral goodness, resulting in the exploitation of people. Global integrity is moral wholeness at all levels in our world—from the individual to the institutional to the international. Global integrity is requisite for “building the future we want—being the people we need.” It is not easy, it is not always black and white, and it can be risky. These entries explore the many facets of integrity with a view towards the global efforts to promote sustainable development and wellbeing.
*****

The word integrity does not appear once in the 2012 Global Charter of Conscience: A Global Covenant concerning Faiths and Freedom of Conscience. Nonetheless, the whole document is based upon and points us towards integrity—lifestyles of integrity which are committed to a “good world” by: acknowledging our deepest differences; embracing rights, responsibilities and respect; embracing freedom of thought conscience and religion; pursuing civility and a thriving public square; and being both citizens of the world and patriots of one’s own country. From our perspective, global civility and its core values, as emphasized in this Charter, requires global integrity. It is the best way to truly combat “global chaos.”
*****

The Global Charter of Conscience has been drafted and published by a group of followers of many faiths and none, politicians of many persuasions, academics and NGOs who are committed to a partnership on behalf of “freedom of thought, conscience and religion” for people of all faiths  and none. A growing number of academic studies and reports show that “freedom of thought, conscience and religion” is widely neglected and threatened today. A recent Pew Forum report, for instance, says that three quarters of the world’s population live in countries where there is a high degree of menace to their faith—sometimes through government repression, sometimes through sectarian violence, and sometimes through the mounting culture wars that we are now seeing in Western countries. In our global era, it is said that “everyone is now everywhere,” and that “living with our deepest differences” has become a massive global problem, especially when those differences are religious and ideological. This is a huge problem for the future of humankind that must be resolved.” (Quote from the Charter’s website)

A Global Covenant concerning Faiths and Freedom of Conscience
“Keenly aware of the titanic promise and peril of our time, as forms of global interconnectedness reach an unprecedented speed, scale, and scope across the earth, we issue and subscribe to this Charter to address a major world challenge whose resolution will be decisive for the cause of civilization and human flourishing. That is, we address the urgent problems raised by the challenge of “living with our deepest differences” when those differences involve core beliefs, worldviews, and ways of life, and when they are increasingly found within single communities, nations, and civilizations.

Our purpose is to set out a vision of the rights, responsibilities, and respect that will be the foundation of a civil and cosmopolitan “global public square,” and the habits of the heart for those who would be “citizens of the world” as well as patriots in their own countries, and so to advance the cause of a “good world” and thus of global civilization over against the forces of global chaos.”
(opening text of the Charter)
  
Applications
--Summarize the main point and purpose of the Charter in one sentence
--List a few applications for how you would want to live out the Charter with integrity.
--Read the Charter!


Monday, 14 March 2016

Global Integrity 5

The UN Global Compact
Establishing a Business Culture of Integrity
Moral wholeness for a whole world

Integrity is moral wholeness—living consistently in moral wholeness. Its opposite is corruption, the distortion, perversion, and deterioration of moral goodness, resulting in the exploitation of people. Global integrity is moral wholeness at all levels in our world—from the individual to the institutional to the international. Global integrity is requisite for “building the future we want—being the people we need.” It is not easy, it is not always black and white, and it can be risky. These entries explore the many facets of integrity with a view towards the global efforts to promote sustainable development and wellbeing.
*****

“The United Nations Global Compact is a United Nations initiative to encourage businesses worldwide to adopt sustainable and socially responsible policies, and to report on their implementation…Under the Global Compact, companies are brought together with UN agencies, labour groups and civil society. Cities can join the Global Compact through the Cities Programme. The UN Global Compact is the world's largest corporate sustainability(aka corporate social responsibility) initiative with 13000 corporate participants and other stakeholders over 170 countries with two objectives: "Mainstream the ten principles [see below] in business activities around the world" and "Catalyse actions in support of broader UN goals, such as the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)"…The UN Global Compact…was officially launched at UN Headquarters in New York on July 26, 2000. (Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_Nations_Global_Compact)

The Ten Principles of the UN Global Compact
Corporate sustainability starts with a company’s value system and a principled approach to doing business. This means operating in ways that, at a minimum, meet fundamental responsibilities in the areas of human rights, labour, environment and anti-corruption. Responsible businesses enact the same values and principles wherever they have a presence, and know that good practices in one area do not offset harm in another. By incorporating the Global Compact principles into strategies, policies and procedures, and establishing a culture of integrity [italics added for emphasis], companies are not only upholding their basic responsibilities to people and planet, but also setting the stage for long-term success.The UN Global Compact’s Ten Principles are derived from: the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the International Labour Organization’s Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work, the Rio Declaration on Environment and Development, and the United Nations Convention Against Corruption.

Human Rights
Principle 1: Businesses should support and respect the protection of internationally proclaimed human rights; and
Principle 2: make sure that they are not complicit in human rights abuses.

Labour
Principle 3: Businesses should uphold the freedom of association and the effective recognition of the right to collective bargaining;
Principle 4: the elimination of all forms of forced and compulsory labour;
Principle 5: the effective abolition of child labour; and
Principle 6: the elimination of discrimination in respect of employment and occupation.

Environment
Principle 7: Businesses should support a precautionary approach to environmental challenges;
Principle 8: undertake initiatives to promote greater environmental responsibility; and
Principle 9: encourage the development and diffusion of environmentally friendly technologies.

Anti-Corruption
Principle 10: Businesses should work against corruption in all its forms, including extortion and bribery. (Excerpt from the website: https://www.unglobalcompact.org/what-is-gc/mission/principles)

See also (opening image, above):
Global Compact for the 10th Principle Corporate Sustainability with Integrity: Organizational Change to Collective Action (English) “A collection of cases from Global Compact companies and stakeholders around the world illustrating anti-corruption implementation efforts and the related dilemmas organizations face.” (Excerpt from: https://www.unglobalcompact.org/library/151)

Applications
Integrity, and a culture of integrity, is needed to implement all 10 of the principles. How is such integrity cultivated, safeguarded, and evaluated? In what ways does integrity need to be personal and explicit in order for the Compact to be effective?